16-Bit A/D Converter
Monolithic 16-Bit ADC
0.0015% Linearity Error
On-Chip Self-Calibration Circuitry
Programmable Low-Pass Filter
0.1 Hz to 10 Hz Corner Frequency
0 V to +2.5 V or 2.5 V Analog Input Range
4 kSPS Output Data Rate
Flexible Serial Interface
Industrial Process Control
Remote Data Acquisition
FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
16-BIT A/D CONVERTER
The AD7701 is a 16-bit ADC that uses a sigma-delta conversion
technique. The analog input is continuously sampled by an analog
modulator whose mean output duty cycle is proportional to the
input signal. The modulator output is processed by an on-chip
digital filter with a six-pole Gaussian response, which updates
the output data register with 16-bit binary words at word rates up
to 4 kHz. The sampling rate, filter corner frequency, and output
word rate are set by a master clock input that may be supplied
externally, or by a crystal controlled on-chip clock oscillator.
The inherent linearity of the ADC is excellent and endpoint
accuracy is ensured by self-calibration of zero and full scale,
which may be initiated at any time. The self-calibration scheme
can also be extended to null system offset and gain errors in the
The output data is accessed through a flexible serial port, which
has an asynchronous mode compatible with UARTs and two
synchronous modes suitable for interfacing to shift registers or
the serial ports of industry-standard microcontrollers.
CMOS construction ensures low power dissipation, and a power-
down mode reduces the idle power consumption to only 10
1. The AD7701 offers 16-bit resolution coupled with outstand-
ing 0.0015% accuracy.
2. No missing codes ensures true, usable, 16-bit dynamic range,
removing the need for programmable gain and level-setting
3. The effects of temperature drift are eliminated by on-chip
self-calibration, which removes zero and gain error. External
circuits can also be included in the calibration loop to remove
system offsets and gain errors.
4. A flexible synchronous/asynchronous interface allows the
of industry-standard microcontrollers.
5. Low operating power consumption and an ultralow power
standby mode make the AD7701 ideal for loop-powered
remote sensing applications, or battery-powered portable
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